Two countries, two long-running occupations.

This is a great case in point to show that it’s not about religion in Israel and Palestine. It’s colonialism, plain and simple.

Western Sahara: a potted history, and why Sahrawis are so pissed off

The world has changed in many ways in the past 50 years. Global population has doubled, and well over half of the people alive in the world today were born after the United Nations requested, in 1965, that Spain de-colonise the territory of Western Sahara, which it had occupied since the late 19th century. But Spain would not relinquish the last colonial country in Africa so readily, and for the next 7 years the request for Spain to organise a referendum to establish the will of the people with regard to the future of Western Sahara was an annual fixture on the UN agenda.

As Saharwi youth become increasingly frustrated with the status quo, some feel the time is right for a change, even breaking the truce, if the UN can’t get its act together and force a referendum in the very near future.

Read more

The UN has been in the Western Sahara for ages now, but has never been given a mandate to monitor human rights abuses (mainly because it didn’t have enough money to).

This would be great!

All settlement activity in occupied territory must cease “without preconditions” and Israel “must immediately initiate a process of withdrawal of all settlers”, said the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC). Israel, it said, was in violation of article 49 of the fourth Geneva convention, which forbids the transfer of civilian populations to occupied territory.

frompalestinewithlove:

I’ll be happy when I’m able to swim in Haifa’s sea without having to go through the fascist Zionist system. But nonetheless, congratulations to your fake state.

I’ve posted other things elsewhere, but why bother when the words of this awesome Palestinian does it so much better

What’s going on in Israel?

verbalresistance:

What’s going on in Israel?

One of the more enduring myths in the perennial debate on the Israel-Palestine conflict is the claim that Israel has always been interested in a fair and just peace, and that the only thing standing in the way of a deal is the Palestinians’ commitment to Israel’s destruction. This notion has been endlessly recycled by Israeli diplomats and by Israel’s defenders in the United States and elsewhere.

Of course, fair-minded analysts of the conflict have long known that this pernicious narrative was bogus. They knew that former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (who signed the Oslo Accords) never favored creating a viable Palestinian state (indeed, he explicitly said that a future Palestinian entity would be “less than a state.”)  The Palestinians’ errors notwithstanding, they also understood that Prime Minister Ehud Barak’s offers at Camp David in 2000 — though more generous than his predecessors’ — still fell well short of a genuine two-state deal. But the idea that Israel sought peace above all else but lacked a genuine “partner for peace” has remained an enduring “explanation” for Oslo’s failure.

Over the past several weeks, however, the veil has fallen off almost completely. If you want to understand what’s really going on, here are a few things you need to read.

Start with Akiva Eldar’s cover article in The National Interest, entitled "Israel’s New Politics and the Fate of Palestine." Eldar is the chief political columnist for the Israeli newspaper Ha’aretz,and his article provides a succinct account for why the two-state vision is at best on life support and is unlikely to be resuscitated. Money quotation:

"[T]he Palestinian leadership, as far back as 1988, made a strategic decision favoring the two-state solution, presented in the Algiers declaration of the Palestinian National Council. The Arab League, for its part, voted in favor of a peace initiative that would recognize the state of Israel and set the terms for a comprehensive Middle East settlement. Meanwhile, various bodies of the international community reasserted partition of the land as their formal policy. But Israel, which signed the Oslo accords nearly two decades ago, has been moving in a different direction.

Eldar goes on to describe in detail the demographic and political trends that have made the two-solution an increasingly remote prospect, undermining Israeli democracy in the process and leading to a deepening policy of “separation.” Eldar avoids the politically loaded term apartheid, but here is how he describes the current reality:

"To exercise control over the land without giving up its Jewish identity, Israel has embraced various policies of "separation." It has separate legal systems for traditional Israeli territory and for the territory it occupies; it divides those who reside in occupied lands based on ethnic identity; it has retained control over occupied lands but evaded responsibility for the people living there; and it has created a conceptual distinction between its democratic principles and its actual practices in the occupied territories. These separations have allowed Israel to manage the occupation for forty-five years while maintaining its identity and international status. No other state in the twenty-first century has been able to get away with this, but it works for Israel, which has little incentive to change it.

It works, of course, because the Israel lobby makes it virtually impossible for U.S. leaders to put any meaningful pressure on Israel to change its behavior, much of which is now antithetical to core American values.

To grasp what Eldar is talking about, check out former Netanyahu aide Michael Freund’s June 20 column from the Jerusalem Post, entitled "Kiss the Green Line Goodbye."  Unlike Eldar’s requiem for the end of the two-state vision, Freund’s column is a proud declaration that the settlement project has succeeded in making “greater Israel” a permanent reality.  In his words “the Green Line (the 1967 borders) is dead and buried… it is no longer of any relevance, politically or otherwise.” And he offers critics a piece of advice regarding "Judea and Samaria": "you had better get used to it, because the Jewish people are here to stay." This is not a wild-eyed assertion by some extremist settler, by the way, but a revealing glimpse at an increasingly mainstream view.

Next, to see the on-the-ground consequences of these developments, check out Nir Hasson’s piece on how residents of East Jerusalem (illegally annexed by Israel following the 1967 war) face increasingly erratic water supplies. Then give a listen or a read to NPR reporter Lourdes Garcia-Navarro’s report on how home demolitions in East Jerusalem have increased dramatically over the past year, with about 1100 people — half of them children — displaced. Israeli officials claim that this is merely an appropriate response to “illegal” construction, but as a recent U.N. report documents, over 90 percent of Palestinian applications for building permits are denied, even as Israel continues to build housing settlements for Jews in various east Jerusalem neighborhoods.

What is going on, in short, is slow-motion ethnic cleansing. Instead of driving Palestinians out by force — as was done in 1948 and 1967 — the goal is simply to make life increasingly untenable over time, so that they will gradually leave their ancestral homelands of their own accord.

Finally, make sure you read up on the recent Levy Commission report — excerpted here. (A good place to start is Matt Duss’s summary here.) This commission, appointed by Prime Minister Netanyahu, has concluded that Israel’s presence in the West Bank isn’t really an “occupation,” so the 4th Geneva Convention regarding protection of the local population doesn’t apply. It sees no legal barrier to Israel transferring as many of its citizens as it wants into the territory, and it therefore recommends that the government retroactively authorize dozens of illegal settlements. Never mind that no other country in the world — including the United States — agrees with this dubious legal interpretation, and neither does the United Nations or any other recognized juridical body outside Israel.  

Needless to say, anyone who has visited the West Bank and seen the "matrix of control" imposed there will quickly understand that the Commission’s members were smoking something, and even a staunch defender of Israel like Jeffrey Goldberg had problems with the commission’s Alice-in-Wonderland line of argument. A wide array of commentators (including the New York Timeseditorial board and former U.S. ambassador to Israel Daniel Kurtzer) have already denounced these claims, albeit in a typically qualified fashion. The Times’ expresses the hope that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will “drive U.S. concerns home” when she visits Israel this month. As if that’s going to do any good at this point.

The veil slipped a long time ago, and now it has been torn away almost completely. But once you grasp what’s really happening here, you have to completely rethink your views about who the real friends of Israel are and who are the ones threatening its future. Israel’s true friends may or may not be emotionally committed to it, but they are the ones who understand that the settlement enterprise has been a disaster and that only concerted and principled action by the United States, the EU, and others can avert this future train wreck. They are the ones who understand that it is Israel’s actions in Lebanon, in Gaza, in the West Bank, in Dubaiin Iran, etc. that are slowly squandering the legitimacy and support it once enjoyed, including support within the diaspora. When Israel ends up tied with North Korea (!) in a 2012 BBC survey on which countries have the “most negative” global influence (and ahead of only Iran and Pakistan), you know there’s a problem.  They are also among those who fear that Israel’s conduct and the smear tactics employed by some of its defenders have no place in American political life, and might eventually cost it the support it has long enjoyed here in the United States.  

By contrast, Israel’s loudest defenders (and those in the middle who are cowed by them) are the ones whose short-sighted focus has allowed the occupation to persist and deepen over time. Their unthinking loyalty has helped squander genuine opportunities for peace, empowered extremists on both sides, and prolonged a long and bitter conflict. The question to ask is simple: Where do they think this is headed? 

And the same principle applies to American interests and U.S. policy. Given the current “special relationship” between the U.S. and Israel, America’s standing in the region and in the world is inevitably tarnished as long as Israel persists on the course described in the articles cited above. This situation forces U.S. leaders to adopt contorted and hypocritical positions on human rights, non-proliferation, democracy promotion, and the legitimacy of military force. It makes U.S. leaders look impotent whenever they repeatedly term Israel’s actions “regrettable” or an “obstacle to peace” but then do nothing about them. It forces politicians of both parties to devote an inordinate amount of attention to one small country, to the neglect of many others. Worst of all, U.S. policy ends up undermining the reasonable people in Israel and the Arab world — including moderate Palestinians — those who are genuinely interested in a peaceful solution and to coexistence among the peoples of the region. Instead, we unwittingly aid the various extremists who gain power from the prolonged stalemate and the sowing of hatred. This bipartisan practice may not be the most dysfunctional policy in the history of U.S. foreign policy, but it’s got to be damned close.

A great summative analysis, on a lot of what’s going on right now on the Israeli/USA-Palestinian front… A must read.

It details how Israel is increasingly and more blatantly (by all international standards and indicators; to pretty much anyone, with an ounce of objective reason) playing a much wider political game, to ensure it gets what it wants - which is to say, the status quo.

The status quo suits them very well, as more and more people are now accepting. Talks of lacking a ‘partner for peace’ and other such lies from are but stalling tactics - as the occupation just grows in the background - with no one holding Israel accountable (as the US has shielded them from being held accountable, oh so very consistently throughout history).

Israel is fighting a losing battle over victimhood. The short-sighted Right wing fundamentalists at the helm of Israeli politics at the moment (and their henchmen in the US) are going down a path of self-destruction - almost consigning notions of a ‘peace process’ to history, in their blatant bias and indignant stances, ironically ‘in support of Israel’. They’re slowly putting to bed any ideas of a two state solution - as well as undermining US standing, in making it the complicit facilitator.

The current system, which is little but Apartheid, suits them - the current system, sugar-coat it how you will (and as the article above also details) is little but an ethnic cleansing of sorts. It’s erasing any hopes of a Palestinian state, denying Palestinians the right to self-determination and denying them basic human rights - as they live continuously under varying degrees of occupation, in increasingly smaller bantustans, with diminishing slithers of sovereignty.

As this brilliant article, on the anniversary of the (apparently “non existent”) occupation sums up -

The Israeli occupation of the West Bank is therefore a unique phenomenon. Between one-quarter and one half of the population under Israeli control (the exact number depends on how you estimate of the size of Palestinian population, and whether you count Gaza or not) does not enjoy the most basic of civil rights or any political representation within the regime that controls it. Israel is a decent democracy for its Jewish citizens. For Palestinians, it’s a brutal dictatorship.

… Today Israel builds roads, even new neighborhoods, commercial spaces and culture centers in the West Bank, while pushing the Palestinian population from those areas to the crowded cities and villages (a good graphic of the land allocation can be found here). Hundreds of “illegal” Palestinian homes are being destroyed every year, and no permits for new ones are given. This systematic displacement and confiscation has been taking place for almost half a century. The problem with the settlements is not the settlers. It’s the state.

In recent years, the occupation has reached its most sophisticated level. It is the greatest national project Israel has launched. The best and the brightest take part in it: the high-tech industry invents new means of control and supervision over the local population (the army has become so good at this job, that Israel has exported much of the knowledge it gained in the West Bank and Gaza to other occupying countries); the best legal scholars come up with loopholes to allow the ongoing confiscation of assets and deprivation of rights; and the most skilled diplomats are taking part in a propaganda war meant to convince the world that the Palestinians are to blame for the occupation.Astonishingly, the international community is buying this nonsense, treating what is basically a massive-scale human rights violation as if it was a remote border dispute between two sovereign nations …

Meetings between Israelis and Palestinians might look promising to an outsider, but they continue to feel awkward and staged, because the two sides are unequal, one possessing all the privileges and the other not having even basic human rights. The prisoners should not be expected to make friends with their guards, even if those are the nicest prisoners, and the best-intentioned of guards.

There is another, more fundamental problem: The status quo is good for Israelis and bad for Palestinians. I say that as an Israeli who wants to continue enjoying the great life this country can offer to (some of) its citizens. With both solutions – one state or two states – being so costly and dangerous, keeping things as they are seems like the best option for Israeli decision-makers. As long as the Israeli government has the power to maintain the status quo, it will …

Rightwing politicians here and in the United States are selling the public fantasies, as if it’s possible to keep the West Bank forever or give the Palestinian the right to vote for the Jordanian parliament or “an enhanced autonomy,” or other similar ideas which are just code names for Apartheid … [Whole]

All the farcical sabre-rattling over the non-existent “Iranian threat”, almost seems like a clever diversionary tactic from Israel… playing up to that ‘threatened and cornered victim in a sea of hostility’ persona they love to portray - falsely, as the very real and current crime, of occupation and apartheid, rumbles on in the background.

Really good overview post for Israel/Palestine shit

South Africa on Tuesday accused UN Security Council powers of “conveniently” ignoring human rights abuses in the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

The council again rejected growing demands for the UN peacekeeping force in the Moroccan-controlled territory to have a permanent rights investigation duty.

But the annual resolution renewing the mandate of the UN force did stress the need for Morocco to improve rights in Western Sahara, which it annexed in 1975 following a Spanish withdrawal.

South Africa’s UN ambassador Baso Sangqu said the 15-nation council was guilty of “double standards” by taking “bold steps” over the Arab Spring countries but refusing a permanent rights monitoring system for Western Sahara.

The rights of the people of Western Sahara must be “equally defended with the same zeal and commitment”, he told the council.

South Africa gets it, so should you.

lolz

Israel said on Monday it has severed contacts with the U.N. Human Rights Council after its launch last week of an international investigation into Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank.

The decision, announced by a Foreign Ministry spokesman, meant that the fact-finding team the council planned to send to the West Bank will not be allowed to enter the territory or Israel, said the spokesman, Yigal Palmor.

"We are not working with them any more," Palmor said about the Geneva-based forum. "We had been participating in meetings, discussions, arranging visits to Israel. All that is over."

ONLY DEMOCRACY IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Oh my Christ this shit is so fucking arbitrary and so fucking disproportionate

  1. the irony that he was almost barred from meeting the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression by a travel ban from Israel
  2. when in 2009 the Dutch government asked Israel to lift the travel ban (so he could go and pick up a human rights award) Israel refused
  3. he’s been banned for six years and has NEVER seen the reason why
  4. he has to pay a fucking financial guarantee to leave his own country. this is like the process where Israel continually arrests people then bails them for increasingly ludicrous amounts

I wanna kill someone.

verbalresistance:

A Quick Listing of The United States’ Record of Veto Use at the United Nations (UN): 19722011 *

 (Including Resolutions against Decades of Atrocities and Violations, Often Supported and/or Bankrolled by the United States)

Year  + The UN Resolution which was vetoed by the United States:

  • 1972 Condemns Israel for killing hundreds of people in Syria and Lebanon in air raids.
  • 1973 Affirms the rights of the Palestinians and calls on Israel to withdraw from the occupied territories.
  • 1976 Condemns Israel for attacking Lebanese civilians.
  • 1976 Condemns Israel for building settlements in the occupied territories.
  • 1976 Calls for self determination for the Palestinians.
  • 1976 Affirms the rights of the Palestinians.
  • 1978 Urges the permanent members (USA, USSR, UK, France, China) to insure UN decisions on the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • 1978 Criticises the living conditions of the Palestinians.
  • 1978 Condemns the Israeli human rights record in occupied territories.
  • 1978 Calls for developed countries to increase the quantity and quality of development assistance to underdeveloped countries.
  • 1979 Calls for an end to all military and nuclear collaboration with the apartheid South Africa.
  • 1979 Strengthens the arms embargo against South Africa.
  • 1979 Offers assistance to all the oppressed people of South Africa and their liberation movement.
  • 1979 Concerns negotiations on disarmament and cessation of the nuclear arms race.
  • 1979 Calls for the return of all inhabitants expelled by Israel.
  • 1979 Demands that Israel desist from human rights violations.
  • 1979 Requests a report on the living conditions of Palestinians in occupied Arab countries.
  • 1979 Offers assistance to the Palestinian people.
  • 1979 Discusses sovereignty over national resources in occupied Arab territories.
  • 1979 Calls for protection of developing counties’ exports.
  • 1979 Calls for alternative approaches within the United Nations system for improving the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  • 1979 Opposes support for intervention in the internal or external affairs ofstates.
  • 1979 For a UN Conference on Women.
  • 1979 To include Palestinian women in the UN Conference on Women.
  • 1979 Safeguards rights of developing countries in multinational trade negotiations.
  • 1980 Requests Israel to return displaced persons.
  • 1980 Condemns Israeli policy regarding the living conditions of the Palestinian people.
  • 1980 Condemns Israeli human rights practices in occupied territories: 3 resolutions.
  • 1980 Affirms the right of self determination for the Palestinians.
  • 1980 Offers assistance to the oppressed people of South Africa and their national liberation movement.
  • 1980 Attempts to establish a New International Economic Order to promote the growth of underdeveloped countries and international economic co-operation.
  • 1980 Endorses the Program of Action for Second Half of UN Decade for Women.
  • 1980 Declaration of non-use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear states.
  • 1980 Emphasises that the development of nations and individuals is a human right.
  • 1980 Calls for the cessation of all nuclear test explosions.
  • 1980 Calls for the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.
  • 1981 Promotes co-operative movements in developing countries.
  • 1981 Affirms the right of every state to choose its economic and social system in accord with the will of its people, without outside interference in whatever form it takes.
  • 1981 Condemns activities of foreign economic interests in colonial territories.
  • 1981 Calls for the cessation of all test explosions of nuclear weapons.
  • 1981 Calls for action in support of measures to prevent nuclear war, curb the arms race and promote disarmament.
  • 1981 Urges negotiations on prohibition of chemical and biological weapons.
  • 1981 Declares that education, work, health care, proper nourishment, national development, etc are human rights.
  • 1981 Condemns South Africa for attacks on neighbouring states, condemns apartheid and attempts to strengthen sanctions: 7 resolutions.
  • 1981 Condemns an attempted coup by South Africa on the Seychelles.
  • 1981 Condemns Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians, human rights policies, and the bombing of Iraq: 18 resolutions.
  • 1982 Condemns the Israeli invasion of Lebanon: 6 resolutions (1982 to 1983).
  • 1982 Condemns the shooting of 11 Muslims at a shrine in Jerusalem by an Israeli soldier.
  • 1982 Calls on Israel to withdraw from the Golan Heights occupied in 1967.
  • 1982 Condemns apartheid and calls for the cessation of economic aid to South Africa: 4 resolutions.
  • 1982 Calls for the setting up of a World Charter for the protection of the ecology.
  • 1982 Sets up a United Nations conference on succession of states in respect to state property, archives, and debts.
  • 1982 Nuclear test bans and negotiations and nuclear free outer space: 3 resolutions.
  • 1982 Supports a new world information and communications order.
  • 1982 Prohibition of chemical and bacteriological weapons.
  • 1982 Development of international law.
  • 1982 Protects against products harmful to health and the environment.
  • 1982 Declares that education, work, health care, proper nourishment, and national development are human rights.
  • 1982 Protects against products harmful to health and the environment.
  • 1982 Development of the energy resources of developing countries.
  • 1983 Resolutions about apartheid, nuclear arms, economics, and international law: 15 resolutions.
  • 1972 Condemns Israel for killing hundreds of people in Syria and Lebanon in air raids.
  • 1973 Affirms the rights of the Palestinians and calls on Israel to withdraw from the occupied territories.
  • 1976 Condemns Israel for attacking Lebanese civilians.
  • 1976 Condemns Israel for building settlements in the occupied territories.
  • 1976 Calls for self determination for the Palestinians.
  • 1976 Affirms the rights of the Palestinians.
  • 1978 Urges the permanent members (USA, USSR, UK, France, China) to insure UN decisions on the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • 1978 Criticises the living conditions of the Palestinians.
  • 1978 Condemns the Israeli human rights record in occupied territories.
  • 1978 Calls for developed countries to increase the quantity and quality of development assistance to underdeveloped countries.
  • 1979 Calls for an end to all military and nuclear collaboration with the apartheid South Africa.
  • 1979 Strengthens the arms embargo against South Africa.
  • 1979 Offers assistance to all the oppressed people of South Africa and their liberation movement.
  • 1979 Concerns negotiations on disarmament and cessation of the nuclear arms race.
  • 1979 Calls for the return of all inhabitants expelled by Israel.
  • 1979 Demands that Israel desist from human rights violations.
  • 1979 Requests a report on the living conditions of Palestinians in occupied Arab countries.
  • 1979 Offers assistance to the Palestinian people.
  • 1979 Discusses sovereignty over national resources in occupied Arab territories.
  • 1979 Calls for protection of developing counties’ exports.
  • 1979 Calls for alternative approaches within the United Nations system for improving the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  • 1979 Opposes support for intervention in the internal or external affairs ofstates.
  • 1979 For a UN Conference on Women.
  • 1979 To include Palestinian women in the UN Conference on Women.
  • 1979 Safeguards rights of developing countries in multinational trade negotiations.
  • 1980 Requests Israel to return displaced persons.
  • 1980 Condemns Israeli policy regarding the living conditions of the Palestinian people.
  • 1980 Condemns Israeli human rights practices in occupied territories: 3 resolutions.
  • 1980 Affirms the right of self determination for the Palestinians.
  • 1980 Offers assistance to the oppressed people of South Africa and their national liberation movement.
  • 1980 Attempts to establish a New International Economic Order to promote the growth of underdeveloped countries and international economic co-operation.
  • 1980 Endorses the Program of Action for Second Half of UN Decade for Women.
  • 1980 Declaration of non-use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear states.
  • 1980 Emphasises that the development of nations and individuals is a human right.
  • 1980 Calls for the cessation of all nuclear test explosions.
  • 1980 Calls for the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.
  • 1981 Promotes co-operative movements in developing countries.
  • 1981 Affirms the right of every state to choose its economic and social system in accord with the will of its people, without outside interference in whatever form it takes.
  • 1981 Condemns activities of foreign economic interests in colonial territories.
  • 1981 Calls for the cessation of all test explosions of nuclear weapons.
  • 1981 Calls for action in support of measures to prevent nuclear war, curb the arms race and promote disarmament.
  • 1981 Urges negotiations on prohibition of chemical and biological weapons.
  • 1981 Declares that education, work, health care, proper nourishment, national development, etc are human rights.
  • 1981 Condemns South Africa for attacks on neighbouring states, condemns apartheid and attempts to strengthen sanctions: 7 resolutions.
  • 1981 Condemns an attempted coup by South Africa on the Seychelles.
  • 1981 Condemns Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians, human rights policies, and the bombing of Iraq: 18 resolutions.
  • 1982 Condemns the Israeli invasion of Lebanon: 6 resolutions (1982 to 1983).
  • 1982 Condemns the shooting of 11 Muslims at a shrine in Jerusalem by an Israeli soldier.
  • 1982 Calls on Israel to withdraw from the Golan Heights occupied in 1967.
  • 1982 Condemns apartheid and calls for the cessation of economic aid to South Africa: 4 resolutions.
  • 1982 Calls for the setting up of a World Charter for the protection of the ecology.
  • 1982 Sets up a United Nations conference on succession of states in respect to state property, archives, and debts.
  • 1982 Nuclear test bans and negotiations and nuclear free outer space: 3 resolutions.
  • 1982 Supports a new world information and communications order.
  • 1982 Prohibition of chemical and bacteriological weapons.
  • 1982 Development of international law.
  • 1982 Protects against products harmful to health and the environment.
  • 1982 Declares that education, work, health care, proper nourishment, and national development are human rights.
  • 1982 Protects against products harmful to health and the environment.
  • 1982 Development of the energy resources of developing countries.
  • 1983 Resolutions about apartheid, nuclear arms, economics, and international law: 15 resolutions.
  • 1972 Condemns Israel for killing hundreds of people in Syria and Lebanon in air raids.
  • 1973 Affirms the rights of the Palestinians and calls on Israel to withdraw from the occupied territories.
  • 1976 Condemns Israel for attacking Lebanese civilians.
  • 1976 Condemns Israel for building settlements in the occupied territories.
  • 1976 Calls for self determination for the Palestinians.
  • 1976 Affirms the rights of the Palestinians.
  • 1978 Urges the permanent members (USA, USSR, UK, France, China) to insure UN decisions on the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • 1978 Criticises the living conditions of the Palestinians.
  • 1978 Condemns the Israeli human rights record in occupied territories.
  • 1978 Calls for developed countries to increase the quantity and quality of development assistance to underdeveloped countries.
  • 1979 Calls for an end to all military and nuclear collaboration with the apartheid South Africa.
  • 1979 Strengthens the arms embargo against South Africa.
  • 1979 Offers assistance to all the oppressed people of South Africa and their liberation movement.
  • 1979 Concerns negotiations on disarmament and cessation of the nuclear arms race.
  • 1979 Calls for the return of all inhabitants expelled by Israel.
  • 1979 Demands that Israel desist from human rights violations.
  • 1979 Requests a report on the living conditions of Palestinians in occupied Arab countries.
  • 1979 Offers assistance to the Palestinian people.
  • 1979 Discusses sovereignty over national resources in occupied Arab territories.
  • 1979 Calls for protection of developing counties’ exports.
  • 1979 Calls for alternative approaches within the United Nations system for improving the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  • 1979 Opposes support for intervention in the internal or external affairs ofstates.
  • 1979 For a UN Conference on Women.
  • 1979 To include Palestinian women in the UN Conference on Women.
  • 1979 Safeguards rights of developing countries in multinational trade negotiations.
  • 1980 Requests Israel to return displaced persons.
  • 1980 Condemns Israeli policy regarding the living conditions of the Palestinian people.
  • 1980 Condemns Israeli human rights practices in occupied territories: 3 resolutions.
  • 1980 Affirms the right of self determination for the Palestinians.
  • 1980 Offers assistance to the oppressed people of South Africa and their national liberation movement.
  • 1980 Attempts to establish a New International Economic Order to promote the growth of underdeveloped countries and international economic co-operation.
  • 1980 Endorses the Program of Action for Second Half of UN Decade for Women.
  • 1980 Declaration of non-use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear states.
  • 1980 Emphasises that the development of nations and individuals is a human right.
  • 1980 Calls for the cessation of all nuclear test explosions.
  • 1980 Calls for the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.
  • 1981 Promotes co-operative movements in developing countries.
  • 1981 Affirms the right of every state to choose its economic and social system in accord with the will of its people, without outside interference in whatever form it takes.
  • 1981 Condemns activities of foreign economic interests in colonial territories.
  • 1981 Calls for the cessation of all test explosions of nuclear weapons.
  • 1981 Calls for action in support of measures to prevent nuclear war, curb the arms race and promote disarmament.
  • 1981 Urges negotiations on prohibition of chemical and biological weapons.
  • 1981 Declares that education, work, health care, proper nourishment, national development, etc are human rights.
  • 1981 Condemns South Africa for attacks on neighbouring states, condemns apartheid and attempts to strengthen sanctions: 7 resolutions.
  • 1981 Condemns an attempted coup by South Africa on the Seychelles.
  • 1981 Condemns Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians, human rights policies, and the bombing of Iraq: 18 resolutions.
  • 1982 Condemns the Israeli invasion of Lebanon: 6 resolutions (1982 to 1983).
  • 1982 Condemns the shooting of 11 Muslims at a shrine in Jerusalem by an Israeli soldier.
  • 1982 Calls on Israel to withdraw from the Golan Heights occupied in 1967.
  • 1982 Condemns apartheid and calls for the cessation of economic aid to South Africa: 4 resolutions.
  • 1982 Calls for the setting up of a World Charter for the protection of the ecology.
  • 1982 Sets up a United Nations conference on succession of states in respect to state property, archives, and debts.
  • 1982 Nuclear test bans and negotiations and nuclear free outer space: 3 resolutions.
  • 1982 Supports a new world information and communications order.
  • 1982 Prohibition of chemical and bacteriological weapons.
  • 1982 Development of international law.
  • 1982 Protects against products harmful to health and the environment.
  • 1982 Declares that education, work, health care, proper nourishment, and national development are human rights.
  • 1982 Protects against products harmful to health and the environment.
  • 1982 Development of the energy resources of developing countries.
  • 1983 Resolutions about apartheid, nuclear arms, economics, and international law: 15 resolutions.
  • 1984 Condemns support of South Africa in its Namibian and other policies.
  • 1984 International action to eliminate apartheid.
  • 1984 Condemns Israel for occupying and attacking southern Lebanon.
  • 1984 Resolutions about apartheid, nuclear arms, economics, and international law. 18 resolutions.
  • 1985 Condemns Israel for occupying and attacking southern Lebanon.
  • 1985 Condemns Israel for using excessive force in the occupied territories.
  • 1985 Resolutions about cooperation, human rights, trade and development. 3 resolutions.
  • 1985 Measures to be taken against Nazi, Fascist, and neo-Fascist activities .
  • 1986 Calls on all governments (including the United States) to observe international law.
  • 1986 Imposes economic and military sanctions against South Africa.
  • 1986 Condemns Israel for its actions against Lebanese civilians.
  • 1986 Calls on Israel to respect Muslim holy places.
  • 1986 Condemns Israel for sky-jacking a Libyan airliner.
  • 1986 Resolutions about cooperation, security, human rights, trade, media bias, the environment, and development: 8 resolutions.
  • 1987 Calls on Israel to abide by the Geneva Conventions in its treatment of the Palestinians.
  • 1987 Calls on Israel to stop deporting Palestinians.
  • 1987 Condemns Israel for its actions in Lebanon: 2 resolutions.
  • 1987 Calls on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon.
  • 1987 Cooperation between the UN and League of Arab States.
  • 1987 Calls for compliance in the International Court of Justice concerning military and paramilitary activities against Nicaragua and a call to end the trade embargo against Nicaragua: 2 resolutions.
  • 1987 Measures to prevent international terrorism, study the underlying political and economic causes of terrorism, convene a conference to define terrorism and to differentiate it from the struggle of people from national liberation.
  • 1987 Resolutions concerning journalism, international debt, and trade: 3 resolutions.
  • 1987 Opposition to the build up of weapons in space.
  • 1987 Opposition to the development of new weapons of mass destruction.
  • 1987 Opposition to nuclear testing. 2 resolutions.
  • 1987 Proposal to set up South Atlantic “Zone of Peace”.
  • 1988 Condemns Israeli practices against Palestinians in the occupied territories: 5 resolutions (1988 and 1989).
  • 1989 Condemns US invasion of Panama.
  • 1989 Condemns US troops for ransacking the residence of the Nicaraguan ambassador in Panama.
  • 1989 Condemns US support for the Contra army in Nicaragua.
  • 1989 Condemns illegal US embargo of Nicaragua.
  • 1989 Opposing the acquisition of territory by force.
  • 1989 Calling for a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict based on earlier UN resoltions.
  • 1990 To send three UN Security Council observers to the occupied territories.
  • 1995 Affirms that land in East Jerusalem annexed by Israel is occupied territory.
  • 1997 Calls on Israel to cease building settlements in East Jerusalem and other occupied territories: 2 resolutions.
  • 1999 Calls on the United States to end its trade embargo on Cuba: 8 resolutions (1992 to 1999).
  • 2001 To send unarmed monitors to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
  • 2001 To set up the International Criminal Court.
  • 2002 To renew the peace keeping mission in Bosnia. 
  • 2002 Condemns the killing of a UN worker from the United Kingdom by Israeli forces. Condemns the destruction of the World Food Programme warehouse.
  • 2003 Condemns a decision by the Israeli parliament to “remove” the elected Palestinian president, Yasser Arafat.
  • 2003 Condemns the building of a wall by Israel on Palestinian land.
  • 2003 To end the US’s forty-year embargo of Cuba.
  • 2004 Condemns the assassination of Hamas leader Sheik Ahmad Yassin.
  • 2004 Condemns the Israeli incursion and killings in Gaza.
  • 2004 Production and processing of weapon-usable material should be under international control.
  • 2006 Calls for an end to Israeli military incursions and attacks on Gaza.
  • 2006 Calls for an end to the financial embargo against Cuba.
  • 2007 Calls for peaceful uses for outer space.
  • 2007 Calls for a convention against female descrimination.
  • 2007 Concerning the rights of children.
  • 2007 Concerning the right to food.
  • 2007 On the applicability of the Geneva Convention to the protection of civilians in time of war.
  • 2007 Calls for the protection of the Global Climate.
  • 2007 Calls for Indian Ocean to be declared a zone of peace. Calls for a nuclear weapon-free South East Asia.
  • 2007 Calls for the right of self determination for the Palestinian people. Other resolutions regarding the Palestinians and their rights.
  • 2008 Calls for progress towards an arms trade treaty.
  • 2008 Banning the development of new weapons of mass destruction.
  • 2008 Assuring non-nuclear states they will not be attacked or threatened with nuclear weapons.
  • 2008 Prevention of the development of an arms race in outer space and transparency in outer space activities.
  • 2008 Calls to decrease the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems and to ban nuclear weapons.
  • 2008 Calls to end the use of depleted Uranium in weapons.
  • 2008 Concerning the trade in illicit small arms.
  • 2008 Calls for a nuclear free Central Asia and a nuclear free Southern Hemisphere. Prevention of proliferation in the Middle East.
  • 2008 Calls for a comprehensive (nuclear) test ban treaty. Calls for a nuclear weapon free world.
  • 2008 Calls for a treaty on children’s rights.
  • 2008 Condemns racial descrimination.
  • 2008 Affirms the soverignty of Palestinians over the occupied territories and their resources.
  • 2008 Affirms the right of the Palestinians to self determination.
  • 2008 Calls on Israel to pay the cost of cleaning up an oil slick off the coast of Lebanon caused by its bombing.
  • 2008 Calls for a new economic order.
  • 2008 Calls for a right of development for nations.
  • 2008 Calls for a right to food.
  • 2008 Respect for the right to universal freedom of travel and the vital importance of family reunification.
  • 2008 Concerning developments in information technology for international security.
  • 2008 Resolutions concerning Palestine, its people, their property, and Israeli practices in Palestine, including settlements.
  • 2009 Calls for an end to the twenty-two-day-long Israeli attack on Gaza.
  • 2011 Calls for a halt to the illegal Israeli West Bank settlements.
  • 2011 Calls for Israel to cease obstructing the movement and access of the staff, vehicles and supplies of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees.
  • 2011 Calls for the immediate and complete cessation of all Israeli settlement activities in all of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan.

(*This list will be revised and better documented shortly. Reading Sunday news necessitated quick referencing. Glitches that may be found above at this point do not diminish the larger claim.)

Jadaliyya

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